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Tenrec (Tenrecidae) Systematics

(excerpt of the Afrotherian systematics from the website of the IUCN/SSC Afrotheria Specialist Group)

The following classification has been assembled by members of the IUCN-SSC Afrotheria Specialist Group. Superscripts refer to footnotes in each section. The binomial for each species is followed by the 2008 IUCN Red List categories of threat:
[DD] = Data Deficient [VU] = Vulnerable
[LC] = Least Concern [EN] = Endangered
[NT] = Near Threatened [CR] = Critically Endangered
The common English names for all species are included to the right of the scientific names. At the end of each section are citations that support the classification.

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Supercohort: Afrotheria

Order: Afrosoricida (55 species)  
Suborder: Tenrecomorpha (34 species)  
Family: Tenrecidae (34 species) tenrecs

        Subfamily: Potamogalinae

Otter shrews

              Genus: Potamogale

 

                    Species: Potamogale velox [LC]

Giant Otter Shrew
              Genus: Micropotamogale  

                    Species: Micropotamogale lamottei [EN]

Nimba Otter Shrew

                    Species: Micropotamogale ruwenzorii [NT]

Ruwenzori Otter Shrew

        Subfamily: Tenrecinae

Spiny tenrecs

              Genus: Echinops

 

                    Species: Echinops telfairi [LC]

Lesser Hedgehog Tenrec

              Genus: Hemicentetes

Streaked tenrecs

                    Species: Hemicentetes semispinosus [LC]

Lowland Streaked Tenrec

                    Species: Hemicentetes nigriceps [LC]

Highland Streaked Tenrec
              Genus: Setifer  
                    Species: Setifer setosus [LC] Greater Hedgehog Tenrec
              Genus: Tenrec  
                    Species: Tenrec ecaudatus [LC] Tail-less Tenrec
        Subfamily: Geogalinae  
                    Species: Geogale aurita [LC] Large-eared Tenrec
        Subfamily: Oryzorictinae Furred Tenrecs
              Genus: Limnogale  
                    Species: Limnogale mergulus [VU] Web-footed Tenrec
              Genus: Microgale 9  
                    Species: Microgale brevicaudata [LC] Short-tailed Shrew Tenrec
                          (syn. Microgale breviceps)  
                          (syn. Paramicrogale occidentalis)  
                    Species: Microgale cowani [LC] Cowan's Shrew Tenrec
                          (syn. Microgale crassipes)  
                          (syn. Microgale longirostris)  
                          (syn. Microgale cowani nigrescens)  
                    Species: Microgale dobsoni [LC] Dobson's Shrew Tenrec
                    Species: Microgale drouhardi [LC] Drouhard's Shrew Tenrec
                          (syn. Microgale melanorrhachis)  
                    Species: Microgale dryas [VU] Dryad Shrew Tenrec
                    Species: Microgale fotsifotsy [LC] Pale Shrew Tenrec
                    Species: Microgale gracilis [VU] Gracile shrew tenrec
                    Species: Microgale grandidieri12 [?]  
                    Species: Microgale gymnorhyncha [LC] Naked-nosed Shrew Tenrec
                    Species: Microgale jenkinsae10 [EN]  
                    Species: Microgale jobihely10 [EN]  
                    Species: Microgale longicaudata [LC] Lesser Long-tailed Shrew Tenrec
                          (syn. Microgale prolixacaudata)  
                    Species: Microgale majori11 [LC] Major's Shrew Tenrec
                    Species: Microgale monticola [VU] Montane Shrew Tenrec
                    Species: Microgale nasoloi [VU] Nasolo's Shrew Tenrec
                    Species: Microgale parvula [LC] Pygmy Shrew Tenrec
                          (syn. Microgale pulla)  
                    Species: Microgale principula [LC] Greater Long-tailed Shrew Tenrec
                          (syn. Microgale decaryi)  
                          (syn. Microgale sorella)  
                    Species: Microgale pusilla [LC] Least Shrew Tenrec
                    Species: Microgale soricoides [LC] Shrew-toothed Shrew Tenrec
                    Species: Microgale taiva [LC] Taiva Shrew Tenrec
                    Species: Microgale talazaci [LC] Talazac's Shrew Tenrec
                    Species: Microgale thomasi [LC] Thomas's Shrew Tenrec
              Genus: Oryzorictes Rice tenrecs
                    Species: Oryzorictes hova [LC] Mole-like Rice Tenrec
                          (syn. Oryzorictes talpoides)  
                    Species: Oryzorictes tetradactylus [DD] Four-toed Rice Tenrec

Tenrecomorpha Footnotes

9. Revised by MacPhee (1987) American Museum Novitates (2889): 1-45.; reviewed in part by Jenkins, Goodman & Raxworthy (1996) Fieldiana, Zoology (85), pp. 191-217 and Jenkins, Raxworthy & Nussbaum (1997) Bull. nat. Hist. Mus. Lond. (Zool.) 63: 1 - 12. Note that one more new species description is in press (2006).

10. Recently described species - Goodman, S. M. & Soarimalala, V. (2004) Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 117, 265-279. Goodman, S.M., Raxworthy, C. J., Maminirina, C.P. and Olson, L.E. 2006. A new species of shrew tenrec (Microgale jobihely) from northern Madagascar. Jour. of Zool., Lond. 270: 384-398.

11. Recognized as a distinct species by Olson, Goodman & Yoder (2004) Biol J Linn Soc 83: 1-22.

12. Recently described species - L. E. Olson, Z. Rakotomalala, K. B. P. Hildebrandt, C. Lanier, C. J. Raxworthy, AND S. M. Goodman. 2009. Phylogeography of Microgale brevicaudata (Tenrecidae) and Description of a New Species from Western Madagascar. Journal of Mammalogy 90:1095-1110.

Tenrecomorpha References

Heim de Balsac H. and F. Bourlière. 1955. Ordre des Insectivores.Systématique. In P.-P. Grassé (ed.): Mammifères: anatomie, éthologie, systématique. Traité de Zoologie 17: 1653-1697. Masson, Paris.

Geogaline, Tenrecine and Oryzorctine classification:

Bronner, G.N. and P.D. Jenkins. 2005. Order Afrosoricida. Pp. 70-81. In Mammal Species of the World, 3rd edition. Wilson, D. E. and D.M. Reeder (eds.). Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. 2142 pp.

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